Altrincham WW1 

James Arthur Greenhalgh

Rank:2nd Lieut
Ship/Rgn/Sqn No:01st Bn
Name of Rgt or Ship:Cheshire Rgt
How Died:Killed in Action
Country of burial:France
Cemetery or Memorial:Le Touret Memorial
Town Memorial:Not Listed
Extra Information:
Born during the June quarter 1889 in the Bolton R.D. - ref: 8c/490, the
second son of Joseph & Hannah Greenhalgh (nee Haslam).

1891 Census - 7 Levy Street, Great Bolton, Bolton.   Son - aged: 1 - born:
Bolton.    Head of household - Joseph Greenhalgh - Married - aged 28 - occ:
Foreman Storekeeper - born: Bolton.   Also - Hannah Greenhalgh - Wife -
aged: 29 - born: Bolton.   Plus 1 elder brother.

1901 Census - 13 Croston Street, Bolton, Bolton Daubhill or Rumworth.   Son
- aged: 11 - born: Bolton.   Head of household - Joseph Greenhalgh -
Married - aged: 38 - occ: Foreman Storekeeper in Textile Machine Making
Works - born: Bolton.   Also - Hannah Greenhalgh - Wife - aged: 39 - born:
Bolton.   Plus 3 brothers.

1911 Census - Lord William's Grammar School, Thame, Oxfordshire.  Assistant
Schoolmaster - Unmarried - aged: 22 - born: Bolton.   His parents were then
living at 14 Heslington St Moss Side Manchester.    Joseph - Married -
aged: 48 - occ: Mill Furnisher And Textile Machine Works Furnisher - born:
Bolton le Moors.   Hannah - Wife - aged: 49 - born: Bolton le Moors.   Plus
his 3 brother and 1 sister and a servant.

He obtained a a B.A. at Victoria University (Manchester) in 1910 and an 1912.  He had a short teaching career as a Classics Master at the
Lord Williams' Grammar School, Thame, Oxfordshire and at the
Ashton-in-Makerfield Grammar School, Lancashire from 1912 to 1914.     
Played football for Sale A.F.C. and was appointed Secretary of the
International Textile Institute (Manchester) in 1914.

He had been a member of the Manchester University Officers Training Corps
and was on the  Reserve of Officers which is how he gained his commission
as a 2nd Lieutenant in the 1st Bn Cheshire Rgt on the 6th August 1914.  He
was posted to France on the 5th September 1914. and took part in the Battle
of the Aisne and at La Bassee, Festubert and Violaines.   On the 19th
October the Germans launched an offensive from Arras up to the Channel,
which included a massive assault on the 1st Bn, Cheshire Rgt's position  at
Violaines.  According to SDGW, between the 10th September 1914 and the 23rd
October 1914 a total of 95 other ranks from the 1st Bn were killed, the
majority (50) were killed in the action on the 22nd October.  Lt Greenhalgh
and three other officers were also killed on the 22nd.

A letter sent from Captain T. Lewis Lloyd also of the 1st Bn Cheshire Rgt
was sent to 2nd Lt Greenhalgh's father.     It read - "I am writing from
Osbourne (IoW ?) I arrived here yesterday wounded, having left the Regiment
last Saturday morning.    Your son was my subaltan when we had a pretty hot
time with the enemy.   I was wounded by the first volley and your son took
my place and behaved splendidly.   He carried on as well, if not better,
than I could have done, had I not been wounded and it was entirely due to
his behaviour that we were able to drive the Germans from their position
and to retire with all our wounded.     I can never thank him enough.   I
personally brought his conduct to the attention of the General and trust he
will receive the honour he deserves and can only wish that the Army
contained more men and officers like him".

The 02/03/1915 edition of the local newspaper reports on the mystery
surrounding Lt. Greenhalgh of the 1st Bn Cheshire Rgt ('C' Coy).  The War
Office state that he has been missing since 07/11/1914.   Two postcards
sent by a Sgt Saunders to two young ladies stated that he was dead as he
(Sgt. Saunders) had found the body and removed two letters from his
Another report states that he was taken as a POW - that he was definitely
at La Bassee, but not seen afterwards. 

Death reported in the 23/10/1914 edition of the Altrincham Guardian.

Listed as a Lieutenant on the Christ Church Memorial.

The 02/02/1916 edition of the Sporting Chronicle states that, at the age of
17, he matriculated at Victoria University, Manchester obtaining his M.A.
degree three years later, during which time he was a member of the O.T.C.
(Officer Training Corps).   On leaving college he was appointed Classic's
Master at Thame Grammar School, Thame, Oxfordshire.   Two years later, he
moved to Ashton-in-Makerfield, a post that he held until the outbreak of
War on appointment of the International Textile Institute (Manchester).  
He was a brilliant scholar and an amateur footballer having played from
time to time for Bolton Wanderers.

The 04/02/1916 edition of the Altrincham Guardian reports that he had been
missing for 12 months and had now been officially presumed dead.

Listed in the Guardian Year Book - Roll of Honour for 1917.

Memorials found on:
Christ Church (Timperley)
Timperley Village Club
Altrincham & District Roll of Honour
Sale R.U.F.C.
Manchester University
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